Distance with Baku:335 km

Population:9,3 thsd person

Area:0,002 km²

Density of population:310 person/km²

How to reach:Bus-> Scheduled bus Baku-Ganja-Naftalan

Naftalan city is situated in the west, 330 kilometers away from Baku, 50 kilometers away from Ganja city, 18 kilometers away from “Goran” railway station on the foothills plain of Murov mountain. It is on the height of 240-250 meters above sea level. Its summer is hot and winter is soft.. Average annual temperature is 14.8 degrees. Wind speed is 5 meters per second. Territory of the city was 879.82 hectares until 31 May 2010.

However, with a view to expand resort zone and in accordance with Decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan “On application of the Law Of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated 31 May 2010 “On partial amendments to political subdivision of Goranboy region and Naftalan city of the Republic of Azerbaijan” dated 10 June 2010 № 958, land of 2692.81 hectares of political subdivision of Goranboy region has been inserted into political subdivision of Naftalan city and total area of the city increased to 3572.62 hectares.

Etymology of the word “Naftalan” is related to the oil come out in this territory. Conceivably, specific persons being aware of medical nature of “Naftalan” oil naturally coming out from ancient times were filling in the wineskins, taling it various places by camel caravans and selling it. As presumed, name “Naftalan” (neft alan, oil taker) emerged in here. First notes about medicated naftalan balsam regard to XII century. Nizami Ganjavi, great Azerbaiajni poet (1141-1209) in his “Khamsa” poem wrote about transportation of Naftalan oil by caravans from Safikurd settlement. He narrated about careful woman who treated wounds of her husband injured in hunt. Marco Polo, well-known traveller, who visited Azerbaijan in XII century, recalls Naftalan oil in his treatise named “About Great Tatarstan”.

History of exploring, extraction and treatment of oil by industrial method regard to XIX century. In 1868, land in the dimension of 80 dessiatinas located in the territory of Naftalan oilfield has been allocated to 8 persons of German nationality by Management of Mountain Part of Caucasus Territory. Y.I.Yeger, mining engineer distinguishing with proactive position among those Germans discovers the absence of gasoline fraction in the composition of the oil (that oil was non-flammable) and gets disappointed from that at first, but afterwards, he learns about medicated features of Naftalan and establishes small plant for ointment production in Naftalan. After some time passed, Yeger achieves great success in this field. He sends samples of “Naftalan” ointment to worldwide known doctors and professor List from Magdeburg attaches great attentions to it and purchases wholesale of the product for entire Germany. It is very interesting that Yeger’s ointment is being prohibited in Russia at that period, and it is being exported to Russia from Germany as patented and very expensive product. Moreover, the plant was producing medications named “Naftalan” and “Kojelan”. “Kojelan” oil keeps human skin and leather-made objects very soft as well as protects metal objects from corrosion. Prepared medications were being sold to Japan, America, England, Holland and other countries through Germany.

In 1896, doctor F.G.Rosenbaum made a speech with brief information “About effect of Naftalan extracted in Caucasus” on the basis of his personal experience at the meeting of Caucasian Health Society.

In connection with the advertisement of Naftalan oil, P.P.Unna, well-known German dermatologist said in 1903 that “If you have Naftalan, then you have everything”. Moreover, it is known from historical facts that jars full of Naftalan ointment were found in first aid bags of japanese captive soldiers during russian-japanese war in 1904-1905. They applied that ointment to the wounds on their bodies and as a result, the wounds were healed up faster. This shows that there is no analogue to Naftalan ointment and it has unique medicated feature. Medication named “Naftomastics” proposed by Sh.M.Hasanov in evacuation hospitals of Azerbaijan and Baku during World War II was used in treatment of bullet wound, traumatic arthritis, burns and icing.

Other German businessman named Kvel established “German-Naftalan” joint-stock company in 1911-1912and started preparation of a number of medications made from Naftalan oil. In the same years, two joint-stock companies – “Magdeburg-Naftalan” and “Dresden-Naftalan” related to Naftalan were operating in Germany and they also were preparing medications from Naftalan oil.

Naftalan city was existing as a village within Goranboy and Yevlakh regions until 1967. However, Naftalan was granted a status of city of national importance following to the Decision of the Presidium of Supreme Council of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated 28 April 1967.

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